European initiative for cooperation concerning higher education
• 484 rectors from Europe, have signed the Magna map of the universities across Europe, in Bologna in 1988
• Convention for recognition of the qualifications related to the higher education in the European region, the ministry conference, patronized by the Council of Europe and UNESCO, Lisbon, 1997
• Joint declaration of the European ministers of education, signed by ministries of 29 countries, Bologna, 1999
• Declaration for community and citizenship responsibilities of the universities, Salzburg, February, 2001
• Convention of the European higher educational institutions, Prague, May, 2001

European Credit Transfer System
• The basic idea of the European Credit Transfer System is to create an open European zone of higher education, in which, the students and professors could be mobile without obstacles.
• The ECTS is elaborated and suggested from the European Commission, the objective being to ensure simple procedure that would guarantee academic recognition of the studies outside the home institution.

Principle on which European Credit Transfer System is based on
• The basic principle on which ECTS is based on is the mutual confidence between higher education institutions that have accepted and are participating in this system.
Basic elements of the European Credit Transfer Systems
• Information (for studying programs)
• Agreement (between the domain institution and the guest institution)
• ECTS credits (given to the individual subjects from the studying programs)

Basic ECTS documents
• Package of information
• Application/agreement for studying
• Transcription of the personal file of the student

Package of information
This document contains all relevant information necessary for the student interested in studying in an appropriate higher education institution.
• Type of studies (undergraduate, postgraduate and doctorial studies)
• Studying directions (appropriate studying programs)
• Subject programs (detailed explanations of the contents, the way of performing the course, literature, language, criteria for evaluation, ECTS credits)
• Organization establishment of the institution (management, coordinators, departments, sections)
• Staff Curriculum (references of every professor, contact information)
• Application
• Information relevant for the stay in the appropriate country and institution (visa regime, accommodation, health insurance)

Application/Agreement for studying
• Precondition for a student is that he/she should spend one semester or one academic year in another higher education institution. At the same time, in order to recognize the results achieved when he/she will come back in the home institution, is the existing of a bilateral agreement for cooperation between the two institutions.

Transcription of the personal file of the student
• In order to simplify the recognition of the results of studying from one to another institution, it is necessary for each student to have a personal file in which in detail will be explained his efforts in studying on the appropriate institution.
ECTS credits
• ECTS credits are the numerical values awarded for the specific subject in order to describe the volume of work that is necessary for its overcoming.
• ECTS credits are not a quality measures for the completed work, for that purpose the existing system of evaluation is still in use (that differs for each country)
• ECTS credits for the specific subjects are awarded in dependence of the volume of the work needed for the subject in ratio of the total work needed for finishing of one semester or one academic year.
• According to the preposition of the European commission the total volume of work that is needed for successful finishing of one semester is 30 credits i.e. the total volume of work for successful completion of one academic year is 60 credits

Conception and organization compatibility with the European model for higher education
Organization compatibility
• Undergraduate studies
• Postgraduate studies (Masters)
• Doctoral studies

Conception compatibility
• Continuous learning (in order to ensure this, continuous evaluation is needed, taking in consideration the classes, the obligatory tasks, periodical tests, and final evaluation)
• Flexibility of the studying programs (introduction of selective and optional subjects)
• Certain autonomy of the student as a subject in the education process

Last Updated ( Thursday, 20 March 2008 )
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© 2008, Градежен факултет, Универзитет "Св. Кирил и Методиј", Скопје, Македонија